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A Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Calculators on Students' Achievement and Attitude Levels in Precollege Mathematics Classes

Aimee J. Ellington 

November 2003, Volume 34, Issue 5, Page 433

Abstract:
The findings of 54 research studies were integrated through meta-analysis to determine the effects of calculators on student achievement and attitude levels. Effect   sizes were generated through Glassian techniques of meta-analysis, and Hedges and Olkin's  (1985) inferential statistical methods were used to test the significance of effect size data. Results revealed that students' operational skills and problem-solving skills   improved when calculators were an integral part of testing and instruction. The results  for both skill types were mixed when calculators were not part of assessment, but in all cases, calculator use did not hinder the development of mathematical skills. Students using calculators had better attitudes toward mathematics than their noncalculator  counterparts. Further research is needed in the retention of mathematics skills after instruction and transfer of skills to other mathematics-related subjects.

Keywords:
Research Studies
Article
Calculus and Higher Level Mathematics
Assessment / Testing
Data Analysis & Statistics
Grades 6-8
Numbers and Operations
Teacher
Technology
Representation