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Students' Probabilistic Thinking in Instruction

Graham A. Jones, Cynthia W. Langrall, Carol A. Thornton, A. Timothy Mogill 

November 1999, Volume 30, Issue 5, Page 487

Abstract:
In this study we evaluated the thinking of 3rd-grade students in relation to an instructional program in probability. The instructional program was informed by a   research-based framework that included a description of students' probabilistic thinking. Both an early- and a delayed-instruction group participated in the program. Qualitative evidence from 4 target students revealed that overcoming a misconception in sample space, applying both part-part and part-whole reasoning, and using invented language to describe probabilities were key patterns in producing growth in probabilistic thinking. Moreover, 51% of the students exhibited the latter 2 learning patterns by the end of instruction, and both groups displayed significant growth in probabilistic thinking following the intervention.

Keywords:
Grade 3
Article
Conceptual Development
Math Coordinator / Coach
Probability
Teacher
Problems
Problem Solving / Problem Posing
Survey Studies
Representation