Alternative Algorithms: Increasing Options, Reducing Errors
Tamela Randolph, Helene Sherman
April 2001, Volume 7, Issue 8, Page 480
Several alternatives to customary algorithms for whole number arithmetic. Includes a brief history of each algorithm, and discusses why each might be a useful algorithm for particular kinds of children.
Addition and Subtraction
Skill and Fluency
Reasoning and Proof
Multiplication and Division