Learning Strategies for Addition and Subtraction Facts: The Road to Fluency and the License to Think
March 2004, Volume 10, Issue 7, Page 362
The impact of thinking about addition and subtraction facts instead of rotely memorizing them. Describes in detail the addition strategies that students used and mini-units to teach each strategy. Each mini-unit included introduction using manipulatives, a student illustration of the strategy, math journaling, and an informational newsletter describing the strategy to parents.
Cross-Content (Math Only) Connections
Addition and Subtraction
Skill and Fluency
Reasoning and Proof