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Learning Strategies for Addition and Subtraction Facts: The Road to Fluency and the License to Think

Lisa Buchholz 

March 2004, Volume 10, Issue 7, Page 362

Abstract:
The impact of thinking about addition and subtraction facts instead of rotely memorizing them. Describes in detail the addition strategies that students used and mini-units to teach each strategy. Each mini-unit included introduction using manipulatives, a student illustration of the strategy, math journaling, and an informational newsletter describing the strategy to parents.

Keywords:
Pre-K-2
Article
Cross-Content (Math Only) Connections
Addition and Subtraction
Algorithms
Conceptual Development
Basic Facts
Teacher
Problems
Skill and Fluency
Student Work
Reasoning and Proof