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Style for References in NCTM Publications

Shute, William, William Shirk, and George Porter. Solid Geometry. New York: American Book Co., 1957.

NCTM Yearbook
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM). New Directions for Elementary School Mathematics. 1989 Yearbook of the NCTM, edited by Paul R. Trafton. Reston, Va.: NCTM, 1989.

Article or Chapter in a Book
Oakes, Jeannie. “Opportunity to Learn: Can Standards-Based Reform Be Equity-Based Reform?” In Seventy-five Years of Progress: Prospects for School Mathematics, edited by Iris M. Carl, pp. 78–98. Reston, Va.: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 1995.

Article or Chapter in an NCTM Yearbook
Usiskin, Zalman. "Reasons for Estimating." In Estimation and Mental Computation, 1986 Yearbook of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM), edited by Harold L. Schoen, pp. 1–15. Reston, Va.: NCTM, 1986.

Article of Chapter in a Book in a Series
Good, Thomas L., and Bruce J. Biddle. “Research and the Improvement of Mathematics Instruction: The Need for Observational Resources.” In Effective Mathematics Teaching, edited by Douglas A. Grouws and Thomas J. Cooney, pp. 114–42. Vol. 1, Research Agenda for Mathematics Education. Reston, Va.: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 1988.

PhD Dissertation
Akdag, Fusun Semiha. “The Effects of Computer Programming on Young Children’s Learning.” Ph.D. diss., Ohio State University, 1985.

Dissertation in Dissertation Abstracts International
McGalliard, William A. “Selected Factors in the Conceptual Systems of Geometry Teachers.” Ph.D. diss., University of Georgia, 1982. Dissertation Abstracts International 44 (1983): 1364A.

Paper Presented at a Conference
Lehrer, Richard, and Paul Smith. “Logo Learning: Is More Better?” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, April 1986.

ERIC Document
Clark, John. Reflective Journal Writing. East Lansing, Mich.: Michigan State University, 1981. ERIC Document Reproduction No. ED 208 411.

Article in a Journal
Craine, Timothy, and Rheta Rubenstein. “A Quadrilateral Hierarchy to Facilitate Learning in Geometry.” Mathematics Teacher 86 (January 1993): 30–36.

Newspaper Article
Braun, R. J. “Schools That Flunk.” Star-Ledger Special Report series. Newark (N.J.) Star-Ledger, 24–31 October 1993.

Tyler, Marshall. “200th Birthday.” Los Angeles Times, March 15, 1985, sec. 1A, p. 3.

Pope, Alexander. Letter to William Fortescue, 23 September 1725. In The Correspondence of Alexander Pope, edited by E. G. Sherburne, vol. 2, p. 323. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1956.

Article in a Popular Magazine
Spencer, Scott. “Childhood's End.” Harper’s, May 1979, pp. 16–19.

Regular Department or Feature in a Magazine
Currents in the News. U.S. News and World Report, February 11, 1980, p. 5.

Electronic Databases
Unified Database. Bioinformatics Unit and Genome Center, Weizmann Institute of Science. (for mapping data on candidate genes; accessed July 29, 2001).

Mead, James V. Looking at Old Photographs: Investigating the Teacher Tales That Novice Teachers Bring with Them. Report No. NCRTL-RR-92-4. East Lansing, Mich.: National Center for Research on Teacher Learning, 1992. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED346082.

Books, etc., Published Online
Jewett, Sarah Orne. The Country of the Pointed Fir. New York: Columbia University, Academic Information Systems, Bartleby Library, 1996. (accessed August 12, 2004).

Documents Published Online Only
Evanston Public Library Board of Trustees. “Evanston Public Library Strategic Plan, 2000-2010: A Decade of Outreach.” Evanston Public Library.

“Pen and Ink.” Amazing Facts (Version 3.1). CD-ROM. Chicago: Productions, 1997.

Article in an Internet Journal
Tornikoski, M., I. Jussila, P. Johansson, M. Lainela, and E. Valtaoja. “Radio Spectra and Variability of Gigahertz-Peaked Spectrum Radio Sources and Candidates.” Astronomical Journal 121, no. 3 (March 2001): 1306–18.

Online Newspapers, News Services, and Other News Sites
Stenger, Richard. “Tiny Human-Borne Monitoring Device Sparks Privacy Fears.”, December 20, 1999.

E-mail Correspondence
Roland, Beth, e-mail message to author. September 15, 1998. (Personal communications usually go in a footnote or in parenthesis in the text.)

We use Co. (for Company) but delete Inc. in reference lists.

With multiple titles by same author(s), list in chronological order.

Potential NCTM yearbook authors, click here.

Other book editors, editorial panels and potential authors, continue reading.

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