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February 2003, Volume 8, Issue 6

FEATURES

Problem Solving, Patterns, Probability, Pascal, and Palindromes
Althea Antoinette Hylton-Lindsay
Article presents a problem-solving activity, the Birth Order problem, and several solution-seeking strategies. It includes responses of current and prospective teachers and a comparison of the various strategies.

Explorations with a Functioning Flex-O-Gram
Ellen Hines and Jesse Bridges
Article describes a processes to expand thinking about the formula for the area of a parallelogram by observing patterns in the operation of a flexible parallelogram.

Maps and Algebra
William Gratzer
Article illustrates how writing out map directions can help students develop the skills necessary to become proficient at solving linear equations. Problem and solution discussion included.

Why Students with Special Needs Have Difficulty Learning Mathematics and What Teachers Can Do to Help
David Allsopp, Louann Lovin, Gerald Green, and Emma Savage-Davis
Article describes four learning characteristics that make learning and doing mathematics difficult for students with special needs. Instructional strategies that make learning and doing mathematics attainable for these students are described in the context of a vignette based on real-life experiences.

Calendar Capers: A Star is Born
Rita H. Barger and Cynthia G. Bryant
Article describes a two-week unit based on calendars and births. It is designed to be used in January at the start of each new year. Detailed instructions and sample student work included.

Classify & Capture: Using Venn Diagrams and Tangrams to Develop Abilities in Mathematical Reasoning and Proof
Patricia S. Moyer and Johnna J. Bolyard
Article describes a game of classifying objects according to their attributes using a three-set Venn diagram, then analyzing the classification of the objects to determine their accuracy. Students attempt to capture opponents' game pieces (tangrams) by making mathematical arguments that identify misplaced pieces.