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Equity Resources

"Excellence in mathematics education rests on equity—high expectations, respect, understanding, and strong support for all students— ... to ensure that all students have equal access to the resources with the greatest potential to promote learning."

Equity in Math Education Position Statement

Tips for Teachers
Equity Actions
Journal Articles


Standards and Positions
    NCTM Standards
    NCTM Position Statements


NCTM Voices on Equity
    President’s Messages
    The Equity Column

 Tips for Teachers

Equity and Diversity - Tips for supporting ALL students.

Differentiated Learning - How to differentiate instruction in content, process, or product according to the students’ readiness, interests, or learning style.

Alternate Forms of Assessment - How to evaluate student progress in ways other than tests and quizzes.

Equity Actions

Actions for Families 

Actions for Teachers 

Actions for Administrators 

 Journal Articles

Equity Articles grouped by General Classroom Strategies and specific topics of Equity: Special Needs Students; Culturally Relevant Teaching; and Gender.

Equity articles from Teaching Children Mathematics, Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, and Mathematics Teacher. 

 JRME Special Equity Issue 


Books on Equity and Diversity available in the NCTM Bookstore.


Research Clips and Briefs: Research-based answers to questions of practice.

Students with Difficulties - Effective Strategies 

Research Clip (short)
Research Brief (fuller description)

Students with Difficulties - Characteristics 

Research Clip (short)
Research Brief (fuller description)

Research Studies 

Research on Equity from the Journal of Research in Mathematics Education 

Research Report 

Equity in School Math Education: How Can Research Contribute? (member log-in required)

 Standards and Positions 

NCTM Standards 

The Equity Principle - Principles and Standards (2000)
All students, regardless of their personal characteristics, backgrounds, or physical challenges, must have opportunities to study--and support to learn--mathematics. This does not mean that every student should be treated the same. But all students need access each year they are in school to a coherent, challenging mathematics curriculum that is taught by competent and well-supported mathematics teachers. (Member log-in required.)

The Equity Standard - Assessment Standards (1995)
In an equitable assessment, each student has an opportunity to demonstrate his or her mathematical power. Because different students show what they know and can do in different ways, assessments should allow for multiple approaches. (Member log-in required) 

Position Statements  

Teaching Mathematics to English Language Learners
(September 2008)

Equity in Mathematics Education (January 2008)

Closing the Achievement Gap (April 2005)

 NCTM Voices on Equity

Presidents Messages 

Statistics for All—the Flip Side of Quantitative Reasoning
J. Michael Shaughnessy (August 2010)

A Missed Opportunity: Mathematics in Early Childhood
Hank Kepner (February 2010)

Equity: All Means ALL!
Hank Kepner (October 2008)

What’s So Special about Special Education? Everything!
Francis (Skip) Fennell (October 2007)


Challenging Racial Inequity In Our Schools
Pedro Noguera (2009)

Equity: the Most Important and Challenging Issue Facing Our Schools
Julian Weissglass (2009)

Never Could Have Made It: A Tribute to Iris Carl
Lee V. Stiff (2009)

2008 Iris M. Carl Equity Address
Carol Malloy (2008)

Improving Achievement and Closing Gaps between Groups: Lessons from Classroom Practices
Kati Haycock (2007)

Lee V. Stiff (2007)

(Windows Media Player is required to view these presentations.) 

Equity Columns from the NCTM News Bulletin
Examining the needs of students of color, students who require special or gifted education or are English language learners, and students in high-poverty schools, and exploring what can be done to ensure a high-quality mathematics education for all students. Published from September 2008-May/June 2009.  

Mathematizing for Empowerment 

Supporting Writing Skills in English Language Learners  

Giving Voice to English Language Learners in Mathematics  

Gender Issues and Ethnomathematics in Mathematics Education  

Beyond Access and Achievement: Equity Issues for Mathematics Teachers and Leaders 

What is Equity in Mathematics Education?   

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