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Journal Articles on Equity

Articles are grouped by specific topics of Equity: General Classroom Strategies;
Special Needs Students; Culturally Relevant Teaching; and Gender

General Classroom Strategies Grade Band
Addressing the Equity Principle in the Math Classroom
Summaries of secondary math teachers' conception of equity after completing a yearlong seminar based on NCTM's Equity Principle. Suggestions are provided for achieving a more equitable math classroom.   (MT 2008-04)
    HS
Addressing the Equity Principle in the Math Classroom
Summaries of secondary math teachers' conception of equity after completing a yearlong seminar based on NCTM's Equity Principle. Suggestions are provided for achieving a more equitable math classroom.   (MT 2008-04)
    HS
Student Representations at the Center: Promoting Classroom Equity
The use of student's mathematical representations to build classroom community, and promote participation and equity in classrooms. Discussion follows a seventh grade lesson on multiplying fractions.    (MTMS 2008-04)
  MS  
Promoting Math Accessibility through Multiple Representations Jigsaws
How to use the jigsaw grouping technique, a pedagogical approach designed around small group work, as a strategy to promote accessibility to mathematics for more students. Includes two lessons built for jigsaw groups, along with student work examples.   (MTMS 2008-04)
  MS HS
Tiering and Scaffolding: Two Strategies for Providing Access to Important Math
Examples of tiering and scaffolding to promote equity among students: tiering a third grade fractions lesson;  and tiering and scaffolding a second grade geometry lesson. There is also a general discussion of equity.    (TCM 2008-02)
ES    
Teacher-Orchestrated Classroom Arguments
A vision of classroom discourse that actively involves students and uses students' explanations to develop mathematical ideas. The vision expects that students participate in classroom arguments with strong teacher guidance.    (MT 2007-11)
    HS
Promoting Equity in Math: One Teacher's Journey
Some of the negative impacts of mathematics tracking in schools. The article advocates for a heterogeneous learning environment.   (MT 2007-08)
    HS
Using Tiered Lessons in Mathematics
A step-by-step procedure to differentiate instruction through tiered lessons.   (MTMS 2005-10)
ES    
Spotlight on the Principles: The Pursuit of Math for All!
The Equity Principle is explored through the thoughts of a middle school teacher as she works with a student through a class project.   (MTMS 2005-05)
  MS HS
Focusing on Students' Mathematical Thinking
The importance of focusing on student mathematical thinking during classroom discussions; provides practical suggestions to classroom teachers to help keep the focus on student thinking.   (MT 2004-04)
    HS
Understanding and Supporting Children's Math Vocabulary
Challenges children face in learning mathematics vocabulary and teaching strategies to circumvent those challenges.    (TCM 2002-10)
ES    
Teaching Strategies for "Algebra for All"
Broad classroom strategies for enhancing academic achievement for all students, including a discussion of the nature and scope of each strategy.   (MT 2000-10)
Reflection Guide: Use this article for professional development.
    HS
       
 Special Needs Students Grade Band 
The Gifted Student
Differentiating instruction for gifted students can enhance participation, engagement, and mathematical learning for all students. The purpose of this article is to (a) discuss gifted students’ perception of their participation to middle school mathematics classrooms; (b) explain how one teacher differentiated a mathematical task to engage all her students; and (c) discuss considerations for other middle school teachers tackling the challenge of differentiation.  (MTMS 2008-12)
  MS  
Dynamic Concrete Instruction in an Inclusive Classroom
Research is only beginning to show the benefits of the effective use of manipulatives with students who have disabilities. This article highlights how teachers can incorporate three manipulative instructional strategies to help students with high-incidence disabilities.  (MTMS 2007-11)
  MS  
Promoting Equity in Math: One Teacher's Journey
Examines some of the negative impacts of mathematics tracking in schools and advocates for a heterogeneous learning environment.   (MT 2007-08)
    HS
Differentiating the Curriculum for Elementary Gifted Math Students
This article describes the Mathematics Investigation Center (MIC), a tool to help elementary teachers differentiate the curriculum for their gifted mathematics students. Using the same mathematical theme that the rest of the class is studying, the activities provide depth for the gifted students by shifting from a computation level to a problem solving level.    (TCM 2006-08)
ES    
Using Tiered Lessons in Mathematics
A step-by-step procedure to differentiate instruction through tiered lessons.    (MTMS 2005-10)
    HS
Differentiation for Special Needs Learners
The foundations underlying the process of instructional differentiation for students with learning problems in mathematics and its application using a lesson that emphasizes the five Process Standards highlighted in Principles and Standards for School Mathematics.    (TCM 2004-10)
ES    
Building Responsibility for Learning in Students with Special Needs
Ways that elementary school teachers can help students with special needs build responsibility for their own mathematical learning.    (TCM 2004-10)
ES    
Planning Strategies for Students with Special Needs
A professional development activity on planning strategies to make mathematics lessons more accessible for students with special needs.    (TCM 2004-10)
ES    
Teaching Algebra to Students with Learning Disabilities
Characteristics of students with learning disabilities and a review of strategies that algebra teachers can use with these students in the classroom.   (MT 2003-12)
    HS
Why Students with Special Needs Have Difficulty Learning Math
Four learning characteristics that make learning and doing mathematics difficult for students with special needs. Instructional strategies that make learning and doing mathematics attainable for these students are described in the context of a vignette based on real-life experiences.   (MTMS 2003-02)
ES MS HS
The Versatile Magic Square
The transformations that are possible to construct a variety of magic squares, including modifications to challenge students from elementary grades through algebra. An example of using magic squares with students who have special needs is also shared.   (MTMS 2003-01)
ES MS HS
Strategies for Helping Students Who Have Learning Disabilities in Math
Strategies and modifications that will be helpful for students with learning disabilities and their mathematics teachers.   (MTMS 2002-11)
  MS  
Anchored Learning in Context
How a teacher adapts a lesson for a classroom of learning disabled students. The adaptations and suggestions given can be applied to a variety of different lesson situations.   (MTMS 2002-09)
ES MS HS
       
 Culturally Relevant Teaching - Minority and English Language Learners (ELLs) Grade Band
Problem Solving and the English Language Learner
Techniques that can be used to enhance mathematics instruction for English language learners.  (MTMS 2009-05)
ES MS HS
Empowering Students through Data
An activity that helps students understand data analysis concepts while learning how to take control of their learning.  (MT 2009-04)
    HS
Culturally Responsive Teaching of Mathematics: Three Models from Linked Studies
Three models for developing and analyzing culturally responsive teaching in mathematics teacher education. The models were developed from and are illustrated by findings from a series of exploratory research studies conducted to evaluate various methods for preparing preservice teachers to address the educational implications of bicultural partnership between indigenous M?ori and New Zealand European groups.  (JRME 2009-03)
ES MS HS
Access to Upper-Level Mathematics: The Stories of Successful African American Middle School Boys
This article is about 8 African American middle school boys who have experienced success in mathematics. Five themes emerged from the data: (a) early educational experiences, (b) recognition of abilities and how it was achieved, (c) support systems, (d) positive mathematical and academic identity, and (e) alternative identities.  (JRME 2008-11)
  MS  
Equity for English Language Learners in Mathematics Classrooms
A practical framework of how to equitably include English Language Learners (ELLs) in classrooms that promote teaching and learning mathematics with understanding.  (TCM 2008-10)
ES MS HS
Differentiating Instruction in Mathematics for the English Language Learner
Mathematics teachers need to provide explicit language instruction for students learning English. By differentiating instruction in mathematics, teachers can plan and provide instruction in mathematics with the goal of providing access to all students.  (MTMS 2008-10)
ES MS HS
Poverty: Teaching Math and Social Justice
Three mathematics lessons presented in a social justice setting. Student activities include budgeting, graphic data representation, and linear regression, all in the context of connecting, communicating, and reasoning about poverty.   (MT 2008-02)
    HS
Bridging the Language Barrier in Math
How action research was used to address the challenges of teaching math to ELL students. Research-based activities used in the classroom are described along with how students reacted to the activities.   (MT 2007-12)
    HS
Ninety Percent of the Game is Half Mental
This article illustrates effective instructional strategies for English Language learners.  (TCM 2007-08)
ES    
Magic with Mayan Math
Activities that merge two fascinating mathematical topics: the Mayan system of numeration and magic squares.  (TCM 2007-02)
ES MS  
Goals for Achieving Diversity in Mathematics Classrooms
Building a framework for making mathematics truly accessible and inviting to a broad range of students.   (MT 2005-11)
Reflection Guide: Use this article for professional development.
    HS
“Weigh” to Go! Exploring Mathematical Language
The dynamics of language in the context of mathematics. The interaction of everyday words and specialized mathematics vocabulary impacts students' development of mathematical understanding.   (TCM 2005-05)
ES MS HS
Limited-English Proficient (LEP) Students and Math Understanding
Problematic issues that teachers and LEP students encounter, effective approaches for teaching mathematics to LEP students, and recommended learning strategies for LEP students.   (TCM 2004-01)
ES MS HS
Creating Cultural Relevance in Teaching and Learning Math
The rationale behind culturally relevant teaching, including an educational experience that is aligned with this approach to mathematics teaching.  (TCM 2002-10)
ES    
Math Learning and the Latino Student
Elements related to creating effective mathematics learning environments for Latino second language learners based on current research.  (TCM 2002-09)
ES    
Mathematical Notations and Procedures of Recent Immigrant Students
Some differences in representations of mathematical concepts and procedures of recent immigrants. Considerations for success of recent immigrants.  (TCM 2002-02)
ES MS HS
Using Student Contributions and Multiple Representations to Develop Mathematical Language
As an alternative to using vocabulary lists to introduce students to mathematical language, this article describes a way to introduce and use mathematical language in mathematics classrooms that draws on multiple representations and student language.   (MTMS 2002-10)
  MS  
Zero: A Special Case
Students explore the origins, development and special properties of zero, and learn some important historical lessons about mathematics. Includes activity sheets and references web sites.   (MTMS 2001-01)
  MS HS
       

 Gender

Grade Band
Families Ask: Middle School Girls in the Math Classroom 
Information and strategies to help keep girls on track, motivated, and confident in the mathematics classroom.    (MTMS 2007-11)
  MS  
Preservice Teachers Examine Gender Equity in Teaching Mathematics
Elementary preservice teachers examined one math teaching episode for equitable practices -- many were surprised to find inequitable behavior in their teaching.   (TCM 2007-03)
ES      
The Equity Principle through the Voices of African American Males
A discussion of the Equity Principle through the experiences of seventh and eighth grade African American males who have been successful in math.   (MTMS 2004-09)
Reflection Guide: Use this article for professional development.
  MS HS
Challenges in Implementing Strategies for Gender-Aware Teaching
Several challenges middle school mathematics teachers may face as they address gender equity in their classrooms.   (MTMS 2002-05)
  MS  
Applying the Equity Principle
Strategies for encouraging girls to participate in mathematics equally with boys.   (MTMS 2001-09)
  MS HS
Readers Write: Girls' Olympiad
A reader's letter describing her experience setting up a Girls Math Olympiad Team.   (MTMS 2001-09)
  MS  
Gender Equity in Math Education
Examines teachers' roles in addressing gender equity in mathematics as a factor in males' disproportionate participation in mathematics after high school.  (TCM 2000-10)
ES    
The Math Club for Girls and Other Problem Solvers
Girls develop confidence in their mathematical abilities through their membership in a uniquely supportive math club.   (MTMS 2000-03)
  MS  
Mathematically Rich, Equitable Game Software
Characteristics of mathematically rich, equitable software for middle school students.   (MTMS 1999-11)
  MS  
A Girl's Math Olympiad Team
The Girls' Math Olympiad Team is one way of providing mathematical experiences that have an enriching effect on young women, adding to their self-esteem and broadening their career choices.   (MTMS 1999-02)
  MS  

 

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