Educational decisions made by teachers, school
administrators, and other professionals have important consequences for students
and for society. The Principles for school mathematics provide guidance in
making these decisions.
The six principles for school mathematics address
- Equity. Excellence in mathematics
education requires equity—high expectations and strong support for all
- Curriculum. A curriculum is more than a
collection of activities: it must be coherent, focused on important mathematics,
and well articulated across the grades.
- Teaching. Effective mathematics teaching
requires understanding what students know and need to learn and then challenging
and supporting them to learn it well.
- Learning. Students must learn mathematics
with understanding, actively building new knowledge from experience and prior
- Assessment. Assessment should support the
learning of important mathematics and furnish useful information to both
teachers and students.
- Technology. Technology is essential in
teaching and learning mathematics; it influences the mathematics that is taught
and enhances students' learning.