Data Analysis and Probability Standard for Grades 35
Instructional programs from
prekindergarten through grade 12 should enable all students to— 
In grades 3–5 all students
should— 
Formulate questions that can be addressed with data and
collect, organize, and display relevant data to answer them 
 design investigations to address a question and consider how datacollection
methods affect the nature of the data set;
 collect data using observations, surveys, and experiments;
 represent data using tables and graphs such as line plots, bar graphs, and
line graphs;
 recognize the differences in representing categorical and numerical
data.

Select and use appropriate statistical methods to analyze
data 
 describe the shape and important features of a set of data and compare
related data sets, with an emphasis on how the data are distributed;
 use measures of center, focusing on the median, and understand what each
does and does not indicate about the data set;
 compare different representations of the same data and evaluate how well
each representation shows important aspects of the data.

Develop and evaluate inferences and predictions that are
based on data 
 propose and justify conclusions and predictions that are based on data and
design studies to further investigate the conclusions or
predictions.

Understand and apply basic concepts of probability 
 describe events as likely or unlikely and discuss the degree of likelihood
using such words as certain, equally likely, and
impossible;
 predict the probability of outcomes of simple experiments and test the
predictions;
 understand that the measure of the likelihood of an event can be represented
by a number from 0 to 1.


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