Data Analysis and Probability Standard for Grades 3-5
|Instructional programs from
prekindergarten through grade 12 should enable all students to—
||In grades 3–5 all students
|Formulate questions that can be addressed with data and
collect, organize, and display relevant data to answer them
- design investigations to address a question and consider how data-collection
methods affect the nature of the data set;
- collect data using observations, surveys, and experiments;
- represent data using tables and graphs such as line plots, bar graphs, and
- recognize the differences in representing categorical and numerical
|Select and use appropriate statistical methods to analyze
- describe the shape and important features of a set of data and compare
related data sets, with an emphasis on how the data are distributed;
- use measures of center, focusing on the median, and understand what each
does and does not indicate about the data set;
- compare different representations of the same data and evaluate how well
each representation shows important aspects of the data.
|Develop and evaluate inferences and predictions that are
based on data
- propose and justify conclusions and predictions that are based on data and
design studies to further investigate the conclusions or
|Understand and apply basic concepts of probability
- describe events as likely or unlikely and discuss the degree of likelihood
using such words as certain, equally likely, and
- predict the probability of outcomes of simple experiments and test the
- understand that the measure of the likelihood of an event can be represented
by a number from 0 to 1.
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