An Introduction to Formative Assessment
Assessment is a powerful tool that is used for a variety of purposes, including monitoring student progress, evaluating student achievement, making instructional decisions, and evaluating curriculum (NCTM 1995). When used as an integral part of teaching and learning, purposeful assessment gauges student progress and provides information to make instructional decisions.
Implementation of the CCSSM and the accompanying assessment consortia provide an opportunity to focus on two purposes of assessment: monitoring student progress, and making instructional decisions. Both of these purposes call for formative assessment. According to Black, Harrison, Lee, Marshall, and Wiliam (2004), formative assessment is any assessment task designed to promote students’ learning. Moreover, Black et al. (2004) stated that:
An assessment activity can help learning if it provides information that teachers and their students can use as feedback in assessing themselves and one another and in modifying the teaching and learning activities in which they are engaged. Such assessment becomes ‘formative assessment’ when the evidence is actually used to adapt the teaching work to meet learning needs. (p. 10)
Submitted: 11/29/2011 05:08:24 PM | Published: 9/17/2012 03:30:49 PM Developing Assessments for the Common CoreAudience:
Administrators, Teacher Educators, Curriculum Devlopers, Educators
A means of assessment is being developed to accompany the implementation of the Common Core State Standards. Two assessment coalitions, Partnership for the Assessment of Readiness for College and Career (PARCC) and Smarter-Balanced Assessment Consortium (SBAC), have obtained federal grants to develop assessment tools and presented drafts of these tools at a recent conference. The PARCC and SBAC presentations are both available on the NCTM website.
The Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC), SMARTER Balanced Assessment Consortium (SBAC)
Submitted: 7/14/2011 05:30:20 PM | Published: 9/17/2012 03:27:39 PM K-12 Engagement Survey for EducatorsAudience:
This document will help you to provide feedback on the development and design of instructional tools, pilot them in your classroom, and become an advocate for the CCSS and PARCC assessments. Get started by completing the (PARCC) K-12 Engagement Survey and connect with others in your area that share an interest in the initiative.
Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC)
Submitted: 6/22/2011 01:46:19 PM | Published: 12/5/2011 04:46:30 PM PARCC Model Content FrameworksAudience:
Curriculum Developers, Teachers
As part of its proposal to the U.S. Department of Education, the Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) committed to developing model content frameworks for mathematics to serve as a bridge between the Common Core State Standards and the PARCC assessments.The PARCC Model Content Frameworks
were developed through a state-led process that included mathematics content experts in PARCC member states and members of the Common Core State Standards
writing team. The Model Content Frameworks are voluntary resources offered by PARCC to help curriculum developers and teachers as they work to implement the standards in their states and districts. They are designed with the following purposes in mind:
- Supporting implementation of the Common Core State Standards, and
- Informing the development of item specifications and blueprints for the PARCC assessments in grades 3–8 and high school.
the Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC)
Submitted: 11/29/2011 05:03:28 PM | Published: 12/5/2011 04:45:05 PM Supporting Implementation of the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics: Recommendations for Professional DevelopmentAudience:
Teacher Educators, Administrators
In November 2011, North Carolina State University and the National Science Foundation published a summary report outlining nine recommendations to support large-scale, system-level implementation of professional development initiatives aligned with the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSS-M). The design recommendations span creating, sustaining, and assessing professional development systems for practicing mathematics teachers and were generated from the coordination of research-based knowledge in different but related fields. The recommendations are built on state-of-the-art research findings from mathematics education, professional development, organizational theory, and policy.
North Carolina State University (NCSU), National Science Foundation (NSF)
Submitted: 11/29/2011 05:00:20 AM | Published: 9/17/2012 03:31:16 PM Webinar Recording: What Teachers Can Learn from the New PARCC and Smarter Balanced Sample Assessment Items: MathAudience:
Teachers, Administrators, Teacher Leaders and Supervisors
On December 19, 2012 at 4:30 p.m. ET, CCSSO hosted a webinar on the recently released Partnership for Readiness for College and Career (PARCC) and Smarter Balanced sample assessment items in mathematics with middle school mathematics teacher Jim Mamer. Mamer received the 2012 Ohio Council of Teachers of Mathematics Elementary Mathematics Teaching Award, is an active leader in the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM), and is currently implementing the Common Core State Standards in Mathematics with his students. Mamer offered his reactions and guidance to fellow teachers on what the new assessment items illustrate about the Common Core State Standards in Mathematics and accompanying assessments that students will be experiencing soon. After discussing select math sample assessment items from PARCC and Smarter Balanced, Mamer offered suggestions for teachers on how they individually and in collaborative conversations with their peers can reflect on implications for their teaching practice and for state education agency staff regarding their role in supporting educators to have these rich discussions. This webinar complements a November 2012 webinar on the ELA sample assessment items with 2012 National Teacher of the Year and 7th grade ELA teacher Rebecca Mieliwocki.
the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO)
Submitted: 1/3/2013 12:04:20 PM | Published: 1/3/2013 12:05:10 PM