 Where Will I Land

• ## Where Will I Land?

Macaroni Math
Periods: 1
Author: Unknown

### Materials

• Markers
• Paper
• Crayons
• Index cards
• Number cubes
• Number Lines

### Instructional Plan

Note: Before the lesson begins, attach a long strip of masking tape to the floor and draw a number line on it. If you prefer, you might draw a chalk number line on the floor. Label the line from 0 to 12.

Inform the students that today they will use a number line to find differences. Review addition on the number line by presenting an addition sentence such as 5 + 4 = __, and have volunteers show how to hop on the large number line to find the sum. Then display a subtraction example such as 8 – 3 = __, and call on a volunteer to tell a number story that would fit that subtraction situation. Then ask: How can we find the difference using the number line? Guide a volunteer to stand on the 8 and "hop" back three spaces on the number line. Ask the volunteer to tell his or her present position.  If this model is new to the students, you may wish to encourage them to count backward as each hop is made. Ask for volunteers to record what happened on the number line using both the vertical and the horizontal format of the equation notation. Then encourage them to tell a subtraction story that describes the moves for 9 - 5. [If you start at 9 and take 5 hops backward, you land on 4.] Remind the students that, spaces, not points, are counted in operations on the number line.

After the class has seen several examples, place the students in pairs and give each pair some pasta shapes, a number cube, a set of index cards numbered to 10, and a strip of masking tape to write numbers on to use as a number line. Or, you may distribute individual number lines. Number Lines

Ask the students to take turns with one student showing an index card and rolling a number cube and the second student making up a subtraction story with the numbers from the card and the number cube. Then have the second student move a pasta shape on the number line to find the difference of the smaller number from the larger number. Ask the first student to record the hops in pictures related to the story and in two other forms. Then have the students switch roles. Encourage the students to predict the differences before they verify their predictions by moving a pasta shape on the number line. One or more of these puzzles and their solutions could be added to the students' learning portfolios. When the pairs have finished, call the class together to share some of the problems they wrote and tell how they found and recorded the differences. Then pose this problem:

I am the number you land on when you start at 4 and hop back 2--what am I?

Ask for volunteers to create similar problems and other volunteers to find their answers by using the large number line.

### Assessments and Extensions

Assessment Options

1. The Questions for Students will help the students focus on the mathematics in this lesson. They will also aid you in understanding the students' current level of knowledge and skill with the mathematical concepts presented.
2. You may wish to document your observations about student understandings and skills on the Teacher Resource Sheet, Class Notes, begun earlier in this unit plan. These comments may be useful when you are planning additional learning experiences for individual students.
Extension
Move on to the next lesson, What Balances?

### Questions and Reflections

Questions for Students

1. What number will you land on if you start at 10, then hop back 3? Can you demonstrate that on the number line? Can you draw a picture of what you did?

[7; 10 - 3 = 7.]

2. What differences did you model with hops when you worked in pairs? How did you record them?

[Answers will depend upon the examples used by the students.]

3. Were you able to predict any of the differences? Which ones?

[Answers will depend upon the examples used by the students.]

4. Were any of the differences the same? Which ones?

[Answers will depend upon the examples used by the students.]

5. How will you find the difference of 8 and 5? How will you record that? Can you record it any other ways?

[8 - 5 = 3; answers may vary.]

6. Suppose you started at 5 and landed on 3. How many spaces did you hop back? Can you show us that on the number line?

[2 spaces; 5 - 3 = 2.]

7. Suppose you started at 5 and hopped back 5. Where would you land? Suppose you started at 5 and hopped back 0. Where would you land?

[0; 5.]

8. How could you tell a friend to subtract using the number line?

[Students should be able to explain how to subtract using the number line.]

Teacher Reflection

• Which students are eager to volunteer? Which students do not volunteer even when they know the answer? How can I encourage them to share what they know?
• Which students counted as they took hops, and which moved directly to the number?
• Which students are comfortable using this learning tool?
• What activities would be appropriate for students who met all the objectives?
• Which students had trouble using the number line? What instructional experiences do they need next?
• What adjustments will I make the next time that I teach this lesson?

### Objectives and Standards

Students will:

• Use the number line model to find differences.
• Solve and create puzzles using the number line.
Common Core State Standards – Mathematics

Pre K to 2nd

• Kindergarten
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP4
Model with mathematics.
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP5
Use appropriate tools strategically.
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP6
Attend to precision.

Pre K to 2nd

• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP4
Model with mathematics.
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP5
Use appropriate tools strategically.
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP6
Attend to precision.

Pre K to 2nd

• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP4
Model with mathematics.
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP5
Use appropriate tools strategically.
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP6
Attend to precision.
Common Core State Standards – Practice
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP4
Model with mathematics.
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP5
Use appropriate tools strategically.
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP6
Attend to precision.

### Related Resources Recording Two Ways Grade: PreK to 2ndExplore vertical and horizontal subtraction. How Many Left? Grade: PreK to 2ndExplore the set model of subtraction. What Balances? Grade: PreK to 2ndUse a pan balance to explore subtraction. What's the Difference? Grade: PreK to 2ndFind differences up to 10.