“This is easy”: The little phrase that causes big problems
Tracy J. Zager, posted March 27, 2017 —
The first time I visited Debbie
Nichols’s first- and second-grade multi-age classroom, she had assigned a
challenging problem that involved a paragraph of text and a large graphic. I
watched as students furrowed their brows, read the directions, and studied the
picture. Everyone looked eager to figure it out, and students got right to
work. A minute or two later, something changed. In pockets around the room,
table group by table group, individual students said, “Oh! This is easy!”
Imagine for a moment that you are the
student sitting next to the student who read the problem quickly and announced
it was easy while you were still trying to get your bearings. What happened to
your interest in the problem, your confidence, your focus? Well, the same thing
happened with these kids. When Andrew announced it was easy and started
writing, Emily stopped thinking about the problem. She looked nervously at
Andrew, looked back at her own paper, and lowered her pencil.
I see the same body language in
classrooms all over the country, in all grades. I can almost see thought
bubbles over the heads of a roomful of students. A few of the bubbles say, “This
is easy!” while others think, “Everybody else understands, and I don’t. I hate
math.” Students cede mathematics to their classmates who get it first and get
it right without breaking a sweat. They shut down.
Debbie and I talked after class and
decided to take on “This is easy” because it was interfering with the lively,
safe, inclusive climate she was trying to establish at the beginning of the
year. We started by digging into the meaning of the word easy. Math problems are neither easy nor hard by any objective
measure—the level of difficulty is always relative and always personal—so we
wondered exactly what students were trying to say when they told one another, “This
Deb and I watched, listened, and talked
with students over the next several sessions until the patterns became clear.
We observed two dominant usages. Sometimes students said, “This is easy” to
mean, “I already know how to do this.” In other words, they’d had previous
opportunities to make sense of the mathematics involved. More accurate language
might be any of the following:
What I saw that first day in Deb’s
room was different, though, because that problem involved mathematics that was
unfamiliar to everyone. This second way of using the phrase occurs when
students face something novel or challenging; they use “this is easy” as
shorthand for “I just made some sense out of this” or something similar to the
Deb’s students brainstormed these more
precise phrases, which Deb posted as an anchor chart. We talked about how
feeling confident and figuring something out are good, satisfying feelings and
a big part of why math and puzzling are so rewarding. At the same time, we
talked about the language we use and how we can unintentionally affect our
friends and classmates. We wanted students to encourage one another, and we
added some supportive messages, such as “I see a path, and you will too!” and “I
believe in you.” Deb’s students—especially those who were not yet confident in math—responded
positively to these conversations, and we watched them engage more in math
We also saw students’ empathy grow. For
example, when students were adding on the hundred chart, Jules announced, “This
is so easy.” A few minutes later, Deb asked students to subtract. Clint said, “This
is easy, peasy, lemon squeezy,” and Jules looked crushed. When students met on
the rug at the end of class, Jules raised her hand and said, “I felt a little
sad when Clint said, ‘This is easy, peasy, lemon squeezy,’ because it wasn’t
easy for me! The beginning was kind of easy, but when we got to the twenty-six
part, it kind of got hard.”
I pointed out that she’d said, “This
is so easy,” just a couple of problems before. Her mouth opened and her eyes
widened in recognition and surprise. When I asked her about it later, she said,
“Now I know how it feels, and I’m not going to say it anymore!”
Next time you hear students say, “This
is easy,” in your class, take note. Are they saying it to mean “I’ve seen this before”
or “I understand it now”? What’s the effect on their peers? On themselves? What
difference would it make if they used different language? How might it change
the tone and tenor of your classroom if you opened a conversation about “This
is easy” with your students?
If you decide to address “This is
easy” in your classes, I hope you’ll share what you learned in the Becoming the Math Teacher You Wish You’d Had
discussion forum or on Twitter using #BecomingMath. Catch
more from Tracy at http://www.tjzager.com or @tracyzager.
Tracy Zager is the author of Becoming the Math
Teacher You Wish You’d Had: Ideas and Strategies from Vibrant Classrooms (Stenhouse
2017), which grew out of her work with her colleagues as a math coach and
before that with preservice teachers and their in-service mentors. Zager is
most in her element in classrooms, learning together with teachers and students
over time. She currently splits her time between coaching and editing
professional development books for teachers. Although she loves her work
dearly, she still secretly pines for her fourth-grade classroom and hopes to
return to full-time teaching someday.
I'll only add that I hear variations on the phrase, "This is easy" from teachers when they give problems as much as I do from students when they solve them. And this along with, "This problem is going to be hard/tricky/challenging." Let's let the students be the judges.
I agree completely, Joe! I hear it all the time. "This one won't take you long because it's easy." Or "Pretty easy, right?" And the converse too. I think these comments are so alienating to kids.
Loved this! Confession! Seriously, I still feel like this as an adult, teacher, instructional coach, and State Supervisor of Mathematics. Every time we have to do math in Professional Develoment, PLC, or any other meeting. I always feel like the weakest link because I will still be thinking, making connections, decoding, etc and there are always others that are faster, start chatting, writing answers, etc. I will try to understand what others are thinking but sometime we are so happy that we are first we do not always take the time to have mathematical discorse with others. I too find myself stopping thinking, disengaging, thinking how to I "pretend" to get it so I do not look dumb. Oh, the angst of it! The struggle is real. Others tell me we should always do math at math meetings. I tend to shy away from this because why do I want someone to have this experience. If I experience this, then I am thinking there are a few others that do too. Plus, I do not hate math, I love math, it is my passion and my life's work. I shudder to think what this is like for students.
I think that emphathy is so powerful! My staff talked about this just last week. We did some math together and people shut down as other people finished fast. I realized I did not do enough to create and defend a safe space. I sort of thought we were past that, but no! Not yet. It takes a lot of time and continued reframing from the facilitator to change that climate. I think, with your understanding from both sides, you can work on establishing norms and expectations that would be so helpful to your colleagues.
Thank you for sharing your experiences here. So brave!