• Mathematical Micro-Identities: Moment-to-Moment Positioning and Learning in a Fourth-Grade Classroom

    Marcy B. Wood
    Identity is an important tool for understanding students’ participation in mathematics lessons. Researchers usually examine identity at a macro-scale: across typical classroom activity and in students’ self-reports. However, learning occurs on a micro-scale: in moments during a lesson. To capture identity in these moments, the author used positioning theory to develop a framework of micro-identity and then to examine the identities and learning of 1 fourth-grade student during 1 mathematics lesson. This study demonstrates how mathematical identities can shift in dramatic ways in response to minor changes in context so that a student might be, in one moment, engaged in an identity that undermines learning and then later engaged in an academically productive identity.