Classroom-Based Formative Assessments— Guiding Teaching and Learning

  • Classroom-Based Formative Assessments— Guiding Teaching and Learning

    FRANCIS (SKIP) FENNELL, BARBARA ANN SWARTZ, BETH McCORD KOBETT, AND JONATHAN A. WRAY
    Principles to Actions: Ensuring Mathematical Success for All (NCTM 2014) recognizes the need to find a way to leverage assessment opportunities to improve teaching and learning at the classroom and school level. And although we know a lot about the importance and potential impact of formative assessment done right and well (NMAP 2008; Black and Wiliam 2010), a disconnect continues to exist among planning, teaching, and assessment—and thus, between teaching and learning—in too many classrooms. Assessment must be linked to the planning and instruction of a lesson—every day—ensuring that lesson activities inform teaching and learning for all students. Principles to Actions’s eighth Mathematics Teaching Practice directs teachers to “elicit and use evidence of student thinking” (NCTM 2014, p. 53, emphasis added), but what are some ways to elicit this evidence?
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