Research Report #54
Developing Preservice Teachers’ Noticing of Knowledge Bases and Productive Struggle
Shawnda Smith, Texas Woman's University
This study examines the development of preservice teachers’ (PSTs) understanding of the connections between teacher actions and use of resources that support productive struggle in a semester-long mathematics content course through video analysis. Our qualitative case study examines 6 PSTs in two sections of a mathematical content course for prospective elementary teachers. The PSTs completed writing assignments analyzing student struggles in video episodes using the Productive Struggle Framework (Author, 2015). The assignments were analyzed, focusing on connections PSTs described between the student struggle(s), interpretation of student thinking, teacher actions, and the teacher’s use of multiple student resources. Findings show that PSTs made frequent connections between student struggles and the teacher actions, but fewer connections between the resources and student struggles or teacher actions. PSTs also viewed the productive level of the struggle episode through a progress-focused or answer-focused lens, and some incorporated teacher actions and resource use into their justifications.
What do AP Calculus teachers believe leads students to be successful in their course?
Veronica Faraci, St. John's University
In this case study the opinions of two Advanced Placement (AP) Calculus teachers are being
cross examined. After a review of literature and analysis of the interviews in this study, there
were many areas of convergence and divergence which leads to an introduction of a non-linear
framework; peer support and discourse in the classroom, increased motivation, and ability to
apply content to real world situations. In our current educational climate, Science, Technology,
Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) is the buzz term. The STEM pipeline is referenced by
my many politicians in order to develop citizens with educational and career qualities to solve
the problems that our global world faces. It is essential to research the opinions of practitioners
who are positioned in the field in order to understand the data that is manifesting in current
research and data collection.
Keywords: AP Calculus, success, STEM career, teacher opinions
Pedagogical Content Knowledge of Statistics: It’s Not Just for Teacher Preparation Programs Anymore
Randall Groth, Salisbury University
Pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) is an important part of teacher preparation. PCK helps teachers make subject matter comprehensible to others. However, teachers are not the only ones with this responsibility. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the public needed to understand certain core statistical principles underlying the fight against the pandemic. Those in government, social media, medicine, and the news were given public platforms that could be used to foster such understanding. Unfortunately, there were several missed opportunities to help the public develop and act on this understanding. Three specific missed opportunities are analyzed. They deal with the statistics subject matter of experimental study design, univariate distributions, and big data analysis algorithms. Collectively, the examples suggest that PCK in statistics should not be considered solely a component of teacher preparation. Those responsible for communicating public health messages need to be able to make statistical principles comprehensible to a broad audience as well.