Procedural fluency is a critical component mathematical proficiency and is more than memorizing facts and procedures.

Algebra is not confined to a course or set of courses but is a strand that unfolds across a pre-K–12 curriculum.

Practices
that support access and equity require comprehensive understanding and require
being responsive to students’ backgrounds, experiences, cultural
perspectives, traditions, and knowledge.

To ensure that all students can gain access to, interpret,
and share information fluently, teachers must address multiple dimensions of
instruction.

Young learners’ future understanding of mathematics requires
an early foundation based on a high-quality, challenging, and accessible
mathematics education.

Mentorship
is important in shaping and developing the next generation of teachers,
particularly as expectations for students become more rigorous.

The Common Core State Standards offer a foundation for the
development of more rigorous, focused, and coherent mathematics curricula,
instruction, and assessments that promote conceptual understanding and
reasoning as well as skill fluency.

Computer science should be incorporated into the curriculum in a way that enhances, rather than limits, students’ college and career readiness in mathematics.

Professional
development courses and workshops for future and current teachers need to model
effective pedagogies for teaching statistics, in addition to focusing on
developing understanding of statistical concepts, mastery of statistical
content, and knowledge of the essential ideas of statistical thinking and
problem solving. (A
joint position statement of the American Statistical Association and the
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.)

Collaboration between researchers and school personnel
provides integrated perspectives for addressing critical issues in mathematics
teaching and learning.

The
ultimate goal of the K–12 mathematics curriculum should not be to get students
into and through a course in calculus by twelfth grade but to have established
the mathematical foundation that will enable students to pursue whatever course
of study interests them when they get to college. (A joint
position statement of the Mathematical Association of America and the National
Council of Teachers of Mathematics.)

Large-scale mathematics assessments are only one of a
variety of measures that should be used when making high-stakes decisions that
significantly impact schools and students.

Much of the achievement gap in mathematics is a function of
differential instructional opportunities. All students should have the opportunity to receive high-quality
mathematics instruction, learn challenging grade-level content, and receive the
support necessary to be successful.

Strategic use of technology strengthens mathematics teaching and learning.

To
hold high expectations means to engage all students in cognitively challenging
tasks that are within reach and rich enough to stretch students as far as they
can go.

When implementing interventions, teachers must possess
strong backgrounds in mathematical content knowledge for teaching, pedagogical
content knowledge, and a wide range of instructional strategies.

Calculators in the elementary grades serve as aids in advancing student understanding without replacing the need for other calculation methods.

Students need to develop an understanding of metric system
units and relationships, as well as fluency in applying the metric system to
real-world situations.

Every
elementary school should have access to an elementary mathematics specialist to
enhance the teaching, learning, and assessing of mathematics to improve student
achievement. (A
joint position of the Association of Mathematics Teacher Educators [AMTE], the
Association of State Supervisors of Mathematics [ASSM], the National Council of
Supervisors of Mathematics [NCSM], and the National Council of Teachers of
Mathematics [NCTM] in response to the release of *Elementary Mathematics
Specialists: A Reference for Teacher Credentialing and Degree Programs *[AMTE,
2010].)

Professional growth and support should be the foremost goals of any teacher evaluation process, which should be led by those knowledgeable about effective mathematics instruction.