Finding Fact Families

• ## Finding Fact Families

Do It with Dominoes
Periods: 1
Author: Grace M. Burton

### Materials

• Book: Ten Sly Piranhas, by William Wise
• Dominoes
• Index cards

### Instructional Plan

To review the concept of subtraction, read Ten Sly Piranhas. Ask the children to act out with counters what is happening in the story and to write the related subtraction sentence for each page. Then call out a sum and have each child show you a domino with that many spots. Encourage the students to write the addition equation suggested by the domino.

In the example above, students may suggest the following addition equation:

6 + 4 = 10

Next, choose two dominoes with the same number of total spots, then display them with one crossed over the other so that both parts of the upper domino but only one part of the bottom domino is visible. Now tell the children that both dominoes have the same number of spots and that they are to guess how many spots are covered on the bottom domino. When a correct response is given, display the domino and ask the students to explain how they knew.

Model the activity a few more times, being sure to include one example of what happens when one domino has 0 spots on one side. Then place the students in pairs and have them take turns being the teacher. This activity will help them focus on the relationship of subtraction to addition. Finally, ask the pairs to sort the set of Double 6 dominoes by the sums that the dominoes represent. Ask the students to write a sentence about this exercise for their portfolios.

Now call the children together and ask a volunteer to choose a domino that is not a double and write the four number sentences (two addition and two subtraction) that the domino suggests. You may wish to repeat this exercise with other volunteers.

For the domino above, the following addition and subtraction sentences are suggested:

4 + 5 = 9
5 + 4 = 9
9 - 5 = 4
9 - 4 = 5

As the lesson concludes, remind the students that they need to practice the addition facts and that making more triangle-shaped flash cards will help them to do so.

### Reference

•  Wise, William. Ten Sly Piranhas. New York: Dial, 1993.

### Assessments and Extensions

Assessment Options

1. The Questions for Students help students focus on their current level of understanding and of fact mastery.
2. You may wish to add more documentation to the Class Notes chart. These notes will be valuable as you plan appropriate remediation and enrichment opportunities.

### Questions and Reflections

Questions for Students

1. What is missing when I say “2 + ‘something’ = 5?” Can you write the complete addition sentence?

[3 is missing; 2 + 3 = 5.]

2. What about when I say “6 + ‘something’ equals 6?” What addition sentence would show that?

[0 is missing; 6 + 0 = 6.]

3. What addition and subtraction facts can I write if I pick a 3+4 domino? Suppose I pick a 3+0 domino? A 3+3 domino?

[Answers may include any of the following:
3 + 4 = 7
7 - 4 = 3
3 + 0 = 3
3 - 0 = 3
3 + 3 = 6
6 - 3 = 3.]

4. How could you help a friend find a subtraction fact related to 5 + 4 = 9?

[Student responses may vary, but they may say 9 - 4 = 5.]

Teacher Reflection

• Which students have some of the facts memorized?
• Did most students remember the effects of adding by 0? Did most recall the order property?
• Which students met all the objectives of this lesson? What extension activities are appropriate for those students?
• Which students are still having difficulty with the objectives of this lesson? What additional instructional experiences do they need?
• What will you do differently the next time that you teach this lesson?

### Objectives and Standards

Students will:

Common Core State Standards – Mathematics

Pre K to 2nd

• Kindergarten
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP4
Model with mathematics.
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP5
Use appropriate tools strategically.
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP6
Attend to precision.

Pre K to 2nd

• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP4
Model with mathematics.
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP5
Use appropriate tools strategically.
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP6
Attend to precision.

Pre K to 2nd

• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP4
Model with mathematics.
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP5
Use appropriate tools strategically.
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP6
Attend to precision.
Common Core State Standards – Practice
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP4
Model with mathematics.
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP5
Use appropriate tools strategically.
• CCSS.Math.Practice.MP6
Attend to precision.

### Related Resources

 Counting to Find SumsGrade: PreK to 2ndFocuses on the counting model for addition using literature and dominoes. Hopping on the Number LineGrade: PreK to 2ndUse the number line to find sums. Exploring Adding with SetsGrade: PreK to 2ndUse sets to explore addition properties. Balancing DiscoveriesGrade: PreK to 2ndUse the balance model of addition. Seeing DoublesGrade: PreK to 2ndUse dominoes to find doubles for addition.