• Vol. 3, No. 6, February 1997


    Michaelle F. Chappell
    The author expresses the opinion that algebraic thinking, not traditional algebraic manipulations, in elementary grades contributes to minimizing the differences in mathematics-course participation and achievement that exist between males and females and different racial and ethnic groups.
    Patricia Ann Kenney and Edward A. Silver
    A presentation of some of the NAEP items that have been released to the public, discussion of some of the aspects of patterns and relationships they assess, and information regarding how a nationally representative sample of fourth-grade students performed on those items.
    Erna Yackel
    This article explores children's thinking that might be foundational to algebraic thinking and describes some instructional activities that can potentially engender such reasoning and thinking.
    Joan Ferrini-Mundy, Glenda Lappan and Elizabeth Phillips
    An example of how algebraic thinking and reasoning might be extended over grades K–6.
    Cheryl A. Lubinski and Albert D. Otto
    Using literature to provide opportunities for students to develop algebraic thinking.
    Frances R. Curcio and Sydney L. Schwartz
    Two activities that provoke the emergence of algebraic thinking in preschoolers.
    Jill E. Land and Paul G. Becher
    One student's unexpected discovery of a numerical pattern.
    William R. Speer, David T. Hayes and Daniel J. Brahier
    An activity for investigating algebraic symbolism and the use of variables to represent quantities.
    Stephen S. Willoughby
    This article describes one strand of activities that develop the concept of function from Kindergarten through Sixth Grade.
    Douglas H. Clements and Julie Sarama
    Using a computer-programming environment and logo to teach variables.
    Faye Nisonoff Ruopp, Al Cuoco, Sue M. Rasala and M. Grace Kelemanik
    A K-12 professional development project, Teachers Time and Transformations, created with algebraic thinking as its content focus.
    Don Ploger, Lee Klinger and Michael Rooney
    The results of a fifth-grade class using spreadsheets to investigate challenging mathematical topics and outlines an intuitive approach for introducing the concepts of functions and sequences.
    Cornelia C. Tierney and Ricardo Nemirovsky
    An activity with variations that are useful throughout the elementary grades that involve children using small numbers to do a sequence of additions and subtractions the authors call "changes".
    Kristen Herbert and Rebecca H. Brown
    This article explores a lesson from the NSF-funded project MathScape: Seeing and Thinking Mathematically in which students encounter the "Crossing the River" problem.
    Zalman Usiskin
    This article introduces terms and shows that algebra is often taught unknowingly. It then describes the algebra of grades 2-4 from the curriculum used in the Soviet Union in the late 1970s.


    Math by the Month
    Karen A. Holly
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