Reasoning and Sense Making in the Mathematics Classroom Grades: 3-5 (Download)

  • Reasoning and Sense Making in the Mathematics Classroom Grades: 3-5 (Download)

    Price: $21.61

    Members Save up to 30%! Login or Join Now



    Product Available Yes

    Product Description

    Michael T. Battista, Jae Meen Baek, Kathleen Cramer, Maria Blanton


    Based on extensive research conducted by the authors, Reasoning and Sense Making in the Mathematics Classroom, Grades 3–5, is designed to help classroom teachers understand, monitor, and guide the development of students’ reasoning and sense making about core ideas in elementary school mathematics. It describes and illustrates the nature of these skills using classroom vignettes and actual student work in conjunction with instructional tasks and learning progressions to show how reasoning and sense making develop and how instruction can support students in that development.


    Students who can make sense of mathematical ideas can apply those ideas in problem solving, even in unfamiliar situations, and can use them as a foundation for future learning. Without them, students are reduced to rote learning, often experiencing frustration and failure.


    But what do reasoning and sense making during learning and teaching look like?


    Each chapter of Reasoning and Sense Making in the Mathematics Classroom, Grades 3–5 explores a different topic that children encounter in mathematics, demonstrating with actual student work and classroom dialogue how their mathematical knowledge and reasoning ability move through “levels of sophistication” or learning progressions:

      • After opening with a discussion of the nature of reasoning and sense making and their critical importance in developing mathematical thinking, chapter 1 examines how students attempt to make sense of the concept of length measurement.

          • Chapter 2 focuses on student strategies that exemplify conceptually sound reasoning and sense making in the context of multiplication word problems, and discusses how instruction can support students’ growth in this reasoning. The critical topic of properties of numbers that underlie reasoning about multiplication is also examined.

              • Chapter 3 describes how students in grades 3–5 extend their understanding of number to include fractions and how they can build reasoning and sense making for fractions through explorations of different representations such as physical materials, pictures, and story contexts.

                  • Discussions on the nature of early algebraic reasoning, including research-based descriptions of this reasoning in children, classroom practices that can support this reasoning, and how algebra can be appropriately integrated in elementary mathematical content are provided in chapter 4.

                      • Chapter 5 discusses practices and processes connected to reasoning about geometric decomposition and structuring as applied to arrays of squares and cubes and to area and volume problems. A learning progression for the development of such reasoning is examined, and instructional practices that are consistent with this learning progression are considered.


                        Not just a theoretical discussion,the book also provides specific suggestions for related instructional activities for each topic. Reasoning and Sense Making in the Mathematics Classroom, Grades 3–5 will be a valuable and practical addition to your professional library.



                        Please note: These products can only be purchased via NCTM’s Online catalog. Non-web payment methods, such as POs, cannot be used to purchase these items. If you have any questions please call NCTM’s Customer Service Department at 800-235-7566.

                        Product Details
                        Stock # 14825
                        ISBN #
                        Published 03/28/2017
                        Pages 152
                        Grades 3rd to 5th