Pi Day

  • Celebrate Pi Day with NCTM

    There are many fun and innovative ways to celebrate Pi Day in your classroom and beyond—you probably already use it as a jumping-off point for key mathematical lessons. If you're in need of something to invigorate your tried-and-true Pi Day traditions, NCTM has you covered! We've gathered our best pi-related activities from each of our publications and resources that will suit your grade level. Try them with your students throughout the month of March and share the fun with others on social media. Be sure to include the hashtag #PiDay and tag @NCTM!

    Elementary School

    A Mathematical Measurement Mystery (TCM)

    Since pi is so closely related to measuring circles, primary students can celebrate Pi Day by exploring measurement. Students can investigate how to measure big things and small things around school, and then compare their measurements to measurements from a mystery school . . . where something big is happening! If you use this activity to celebrate Pi Day, challenge older students to measure not only length and height but also to measure all the way around such objects as round tables, playground equipment, and other circular items found in real life.

    Middle School

    Apple Pi unit (Illuminations)

    This unit is full of investigations and interactives that students can use to understand pi as a ratio; to understand how pi relates to the area of a circle as well as its circumference; and to understand what area, circumference, radius, and diameter each tell us about circles (check out the “Problems” tab on the  Circle Tool interactive and get your students talking about grazing goats).

    Pumpkin Pi (MTMS)

    Enjoy this delicious problem that comes from a classic Foxtrot comic and looks at pi from all angles.

    Mathematical Explorations: Finding Pi with Archimedes's Exhaustion Method (MTMS)

    Studying historical puzzles can give students a perspective on the usefulness of math as a tool and on the creative aspects of problem solving. Di Day offers a wonderful opportunity for such inquiry.  

    On My Mind: Let's Take Another Look At Pi Day (MTMS)

    In our earnest desire to educate our students about the great importance and significance of the number π by celebrating with special mathematical activities on March 14, we just may be teaching a concept that we had not intended or that we are overlooking altogether. Terrel Trotter Jr., is referring here to the fundamental concept of the place-value structure of our decimal number system.

    Circles and the Number Pi (MTMS)

    How students develop a conceptual understanding of the formulas of the circumference and area of a circle by exploring the number pi. Several activities are suggested in this article.

    How Many Times Does a Radius Square Fit into the Circle? (MTMS)

    Why does the same value of pi appear in both formulas for the circumference and area of a circle? This activity presents interesting ways to approach pi. It illustrates a way in which students can estimate the ratio of the area of the circle to the radius square, and also helps students understand why the same value of pi appears in both formulas for the circumference and the area of a circle.

    Cartoon Corner: Easy as Pi? Infinitely Not! (MTMS)

    Why is it not possible to recite pi backwards? This and more fun questions to ask your students on Pi Day!

    High School

    Pi Line (Illuminations)

    Do your algebra 1 students know that pi, because it is a ratio, is also a slope? In the  Pi Line investigation from Illuminations, students “unwrap” circles of diameter x and place those unwrapped circles  perpendicular to the x-axis. Before you have students explore these unwrapped circles, have them predict what the graph of the unwrapped circles will look like. Will it be linear? Or will it be curved like a circle? Either before or after students construct their graph, they can grapple with what slope and rate of change would mean in this context. How would your students finish this sentence: “Increasing the diameter of a circle by one unit ______________ the circumference by __________________.”? Does their answer change after this investigation?

    Okta’s Pi Fight  (Illuminations)

    This pi day, why not have students get in a pi fight? Okta, the octopus, hangs out near different coordinates on a unit circle, and students must choose an angle and distance to fire a pie at Okta. This activity is designed to help students practice their fluency with radian and degree measures of special angles on the unit circle and to introduce the concept of polar coordinates. In honor of pi day, students can play Okta’s Pi Fight in radian mode.

    Explorations with a Paper Circle (Student Explorations in Math)

    These sets of nonroutine questions about a single topic are designed to have entry points for students in middle school and to stretch students in high school mathematics. Whether you use this as an independent investigation for students to see how far they get, or choose certain problems for small group or whole-class work, the Pi Day Student Math Notes issue  “Explorations with a Paper Circle” will have students looking at areas of all sorts of shapes based on folding and cutting paper circles.

    Monte Carlo, Probability, Algebra, and Pi (MT)

    This probability and statistics resource is from 1981, but it is still a trip back in time when you download the full issue and see the advertisements for Apple Computers from 1981. Using Monte Carlo methods to estimate pi doesn’t get old, though.

    Cookies and Pi (MT)

    If students are in an advanced mathematics class, then at some point they enjoyed mathematics and looked forward to learning and practicing it. There is no reason that this passion and enjoyment should ever be lost because the subject becomes more difficult or rigorous. Try this lesson with your students as they use pi and the necessary formulas to divide a round cookie.

    Improving Approximations with for Pi with Geo Cobra (MT)

    GeoGebra can be used to create dynamic figures to duplicate Archimedes's process of approximating  and illustrate how the accuracy can be improved. 

    Mathematical Lens: Pi All Month (MT)

    Students learn about the relationship between circumference and diameter in the east garden of a Salvador Dali Museum exhibit.

    Kissing Pennies and Eating Pi (MT)

    This classroom inquiry covers expressing pi as the limit of a sequence of different ratios using relationships among coins and the radius of an inscribed circle.

    Have Some Pi (MT)

    The District Hand Pie and Coffee Bar in New Orleans is a delightful place for pie and pi lovers.

    In Search of Archimedes: Measurement of a Circle (MT)

    Even in the absence of a decimal number system and the support of technology, Archimedes described the first iterative process for approximating the value of π  in Measurement of a Circle (ca. 225 BCE).